Cerenorm

18 May 16:25

Andriake

TR > Antalya Province > Demre

Andriake or Andriaca  was an ancient city and the port of the ancient town of Myra in Lycia. Appian (B.C. iv. 82) says that Lentulus

broke through the chain which crossed the entrance of the port, and

went up the river to Myra. Beaufort (Karamania, p. 26) gives the name Andráki to the river of Myra. On the north side of the entrance are the remains of large Roman horrea, with a perfect inscription, which states that the horrea were Hadrian's: the date is Hadrian's third consulate, which is 119 CE.

Andriake is mentioned by Ptolemy; and Pliny has Andriaca civitas, Myra (v. 27). Andriake, then, is clearly the place at the mouth of the small river on which Myra stood, 20 stadia higher up. (Strab. p. 666.) It must have been at Andriake, as Cramer observes, that St. Paul and his companions were put on board the ship of Alexandria. (Acts, xxvii. 5, 6.)

Andriake is located in what is now the Demre district of Antalya.

The location has re-opened 

as an open-air museum with a museum in an old granary. A notice on site

(see picture Andriake Plan with text below) has: "Although it was an

important harbour of the Lycian region in (the) Ancient Period, in part

(because) of the alluvial silt transported by Kokarçay (Andriakos), the

port ceased functioning and the ruins of the city Andriake, today

engulfed by a swamp, are spread over the two shores of a small bay.

Far from being an independent city in (the) Ancient Period, the city

Andriake was a suburb and (the) port of Myra by (sic) its location. The

inscription located in the city that covers trading laws of the Lycian

state from (the) Emperor Nero period (54-68) exposes the importance of

Andriake as a port during this period.

Andriake lived its most prestigious period during Emperor Hadrian

(117-138). The granarium/grain silo structure (Lycian Civilizations

Museum) and the trade agora/plakoma structure on its eastern side were

built in this period. Discovery of inscriptions written in the honour of

Constantinus II, Julianus and Valens indicated that Andriake succeeded

in maintaining its importance also in later periods (4th century AD).