Cerenorm

19 May 22:05

Metropolis

TR > ─░zmir Province > Torbal─▒

The classical city of Metropolis is situated in western Turkey near Yeniköy village in Torbali municipality - approximately 40 km SE of Izmir. Occupation at the site goes back to the Neolithic period. The Hittite period is also attested.

Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods are well represented at the site.

The earliest known settlement at the site is from the Neolithic showing evidence of contact and influence with the Troy I littoral culture (needed reference).

An as yet undeciphered seal written in hieroglyphics similar to those of the Hittites has been found in the acropolis of Metropolis. The Hittite kingdom of Arzawa had its capital Apasas (later Ephesus) some 30 km to the south west. During the Hittite period, the city was known as Puranda.

The Mycenaean remains are also found. 

Bademgedigi Tepe is the archaeological site in the area with large

amounts of local Mycenaean pottery, ranging from the 14th to 12th

century BC, and later.

A Mycenaean-age representation of a ship on a vase from

Bademgediği Tepe is an important find that casts light on the

development of ship technology and iconography on ceramic vessels.

Metropolis was a part of the Hellenistic kingdom of Pergamum and during this period the city reached a zenith of cultural and economic life. A temple dedicated to the war god Ares, one of only two known such temples, has been located here.

The city was noted by numerous classical authors including Straboand Ptolemy,  and described as a town in the Caystrian plain in Lydia, on the road from Smyrna to Ephesus, at a distance of 120 stadia from Ephesus, and 180 from Smyrna. Strabo relates that the district of Metropolis produced excellent wine. The town was still noted by Byzantine authors such as Stephanus of Byzantium  and Hierocles.

What is visible today is primarily a Hellenistic city heavily

Romanised, and with Byzantine remains laid across it – a church to the

east of the city, and fortification walls laid across city that connect

to the Hellenistic defenses on the Acropolis.