Myndos was protected by strong walls, and had a good harbor. (Paus. ii. 30. § 8; Strabo xiv. p. 658; Arrian, Anab. i. 20, ii. 5.) Otherwise, the place is not of much importance in ancient history. Both Pliny (v. 29) and Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v.) mention Palaemyndus
as an ancient Carian settlement near to Myndus, which seems to have
become deserted after Dorian Mynduse was founded. (Comp. Strab. xiii.
p. 611). Mela (i. 16) and Pliny (l. c.) also speak of Neapolis
in the same peninsula and as no other authors mention such a place in
that part of the country, it had been supposed that Myndus (the Dorian
colony) and Neapolis were the same place. Pliny, however, mentions both
Myndus and Neapolis as two different towns, and modern scholars
differentiate the two.
The cynic philosopher Diogenes of Sinope
visited Myndos and noticed how large the city gates were, relative to
the town; he cynically remarked; "Oh men of Myndos, I urge you to shut
the city gates, as your town might exit from these!".
Sections of the town walls and gate have been restored with financial assistance from private companies.
Myndian ships are mentioned in the expedition of Anaxagoras against Naxos. (Herod. v. 33.) Herodotus
relates the story of how a captain from Myndus, Scylax, was found to
have left no guards on his ship while a Persian force was preparing to
attack the island of Naxos. The Persian commander, Megabates, flew into a rage and had him put in stocks, at which point Aristagoras, a tyrant from Miletus
helping several Naxian oligarchs to retake Naxos, discovered what had
happened to his guest-friend Scylax. Pleading with Megabates to no avail
for Scylax, he released him anyway, incurring the Persian commander's
wrath. The consequence of this falling out was that, according to
Herodotus, Megabates warned the Naxians of what was afoot, ruining the
expedition and in turn Aristagoras who, with nowhere to go, stirred up
the Ionian Revolt.
This is a classic example of Ionian αταξιη (lack of discipline,
disorder, licentiousness), a charge commonly levelled at them,
especially in the 5th century by Athens.
At a later time, when Alexander the Great
besieged Halicarnassus, he was anxious first to make himself master of
Myndus; but when he attempted to take it by surprise, the Myndians, with
the aid of reinforcements from Halicarnassus repulsed him with some
loss. (Arrian, l. c.; comp. Hecat. Fragm. 229; Polyb. xvi. 15, 21; Scylax, p. 38; Ptol. v. 2. § 9; Liv. xxxvii. 15; Hierocl. p. 687.) Athenaeus (i. 32) states that the wine grown in the district of Myndus was good for digestion.
Remains of the city are visible in and around Gümüslük and in the
adjacent waters; it is supposed that some unrecorded earthquake caused
seafront sections of the ancient town to be submerged. As a result, much of the land and offshore areas are protected from interference and development.