Cerenorm

23 May 23:17

Tlos

TR > Mu─čla Province > Fethiye

Tlos  is an ancient ruined Lycian hilltop citadel near the resort town of Fethiye in the Mugla Province of southern Turkey,

some 4 kilometres northwest of Saklikent Gorge. Tlos is believed to be

one of the most important religious Lycian sites and settlement on the

site is said to have begun more than 4,000 years ago.

It is one of the oldest and largest settlements of Lycia (known as

'Tlawa' in Lycian inscriptions) and was subsequently inhabited by

Romans, Byzantines and eventually Ottoman Turks, making it one of few

Lycian cities to be continually inhabited up until the 19th century.

The influence of many cultures upon Tlos has resulted in a patchwork of structures dominated by an acropolis and fortress. On the slopes leading up to the acropolis are numerous Lycian sarcophagi and many house-type of rock tombs and temple-type rock tombs cut into the rock face of the hill. One such is the Tomb of Bellerophon,

a large temple-type tomb with an unfinished facade of four columns

featuring a relief in its porch of the legendary hero Bellerophon riding

on his winged horse so called as Pegasus. A carving of a lion or leopard is inside the tomb.

At the top of the hill sits the remains of an acropolis and a Lycian

fortress, which is evident by the remains of a Lycian wall and Roman-era

wall. The Ottomans constructed a fort for the local feudal governor

Kanlı Ali Ağa (Bloody Chief Ali) upon the foundations of the fortress.

Since early Lycian times, the city's settlement was likely

concentrated on the southern slope and western slopes. Wide terraces

with cisterns and the back walls of buildings carved from the rock are

found there, as well as an agora, a Roman-era theatre, for plays and concerts, public Roman baths and the remains of an early Byzantine church.